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Condominium Association Disputes

Unit Owner-Condominium Association Disputes Under Florida Law: Insights from Chapter 718 of the Florida Statutes


Condominium living offers a unique blend of individual ownership and communal responsibilities, but it can also be a breeding ground for conflicts between unit owners and condominium associations. These disputes can revolve around issues such as maintenance, assessments, governance, and rule enforcement. To address these conflicts and ensure harmonious coexistence, Florida law has established Chapter 718 of the Florida Statutes. This article delves into the complexities of disputes between unit owners and condominium associations under Florida law, exploring the key provisions of Chapter 718 and the mechanisms available to resolve these disputes in a fair and equitable manner.

Understanding Unit Owner-Condominium Association Disputes

Condominium living involves a delicate balance between individual unit ownership and collective decision-making. However, differences in expectations, priorities, and interpretations can lead to disagreements that have legal, financial, and emotional ramifications for both unit owners and condominium associations.

Chapter 718 of the Florida Statutes: An Overview

Chapter 718, also known as the Florida Condominium Act, lays the groundwork for condominium law in Florida. This statute outlines the rights and responsibilities of unit owners, the duties of condominium associations, governance procedures, and dispute resolution mechanisms.

Rights and Responsibilities of Unit Owners

Property Rights: Unit owners have the right to use and enjoy their individual units and the common elements of the condominium complex, subject to the rules and regulations established by the condominium association.

Voting Rights: Unit owners have the right to participate in governance by voting on important matters, such as the election of the board of directors and changes to governing documents.

Assessments and Fees: Unit owners are responsible for paying assessments and fees that fund the maintenance, repairs, and management of the condominium complex.

Compliance: Unit owners must adhere to the condominium's governing documents and rules to ensure the harmonious coexistence of all residents.

Rights and Responsibilities of Condominium Associations

Duty of Care: Condominium associations have a duty to maintain and repair the common elements of the complex, ensuring that the property is safe, well-maintained, and in compliance with applicable regulations.

Enforcement: Condominium associations are responsible for enforcing the rules and regulations that govern unit owners' conduct within the complex. This includes addressing violations and ensuring a peaceful living environment.

Assessments and Budgets: Condominium associations must establish and collect assessments and create budgets that cover the costs of maintenance, repairs, and management.

Resolving Unit Owner-Condominium Association Disputes

Informal Resolution: Many disputes can be resolved through open communication and negotiation between unit owners and the condominium association. Addressing concerns promptly and transparently can lead to amicable solutions.

Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR): ADR methods, such as mediation and arbitration, can help parties reach a resolution without the need for litigation. Mediators and arbitrators facilitate discussions and guide the parties toward consensus.

Internal Procedures: The condominium's governing documents often outline procedures for addressing disputes, including the role of the grievance committee or alternative dispute resolution committee.

Legal Action: When all other methods fail, unit owners or condominium associations may resort to legal action. Courts can interpret the governing documents, determine the validity of claims, and award appropriate remedies.

Challenges and Considerations

Navigating unit owner-condominium association disputes in Florida involves several challenges:

  • Complex Regulations: Condominium law involves a complex interplay of statutes, regulations, governing documents, and case law.
  • Diverse Perspectives: Disputes can arise due to differences in interpretation, expectations, and priorities among unit owners and the condominium association.
  • Community Impact: Disputes can affect the overall living environment, property values, and the sense of community within the condominium complex.
  • Resource Allocation: Dispute resolution can be time-consuming and resource-intensive for both unit owners and the condominium association.


Chapter 718 of the Florida Statutes provides a comprehensive framework for addressing disputes between unit owners and condominium associations, emphasizing the importance of transparency, communication, and resolution in maintaining harmonious condominium living. As both individual unit owners and collective associations work together to create vibrant communities, the legal framework ensures that conflicts are navigated with fairness, respect, and adherence to the law. By understanding their rights, responsibilities, and the available dispute resolution options, unit owners and condominium associations can address conflicts in a way that upholds the principles of justice, equity, and the best interests of the community as a whole. As Florida's urban landscape continues to evolve, the collaborative spirit of condominium living remains essential, with the legal framework facilitating constructive dialogue and preserving the integrity of these shared living spaces.


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